Another week, another requested sermon! This one comes from Charlie, who suggested in an elder-evangelist meeting a couple of months ago that I ought to preach a sermon on abortion. He observed, and I think correctly, that nearly every Christian has heard and believes that abortion is wrong, but also that few of us have worked through the Biblical logic for ourselves.
It’s important for us to do that. Certainly, abortion is a politically significant issue in our country, but I’m not presenting this lesson because I think it’s my place to tell Christians how to vote. Instead, my role is to tell Christians how to look at the world through God’s eyes. This isn’t primarily a voting-booth issue. It’s a real-life issue. Is abortion an option for women of God? How do we discuss this topic with others? How should the Scriptures inform the way we treat women who may be considering an abortion or even who have had one? These are critical questions. Let’s see how we should answer them as we consider abortion from a Biblical perspective.
The first Biblical principle that should inform our understanding is that EVERY LIFE MATTERS. Let’s begin here by considering the creation account of Genesis 1:26-27. This, brethren, is the foundation of everything the Bible says about how we should treat others. God is a being of infinite worth, every human being is created in the image and likeness of God, so every human being is a being of infinite worth too. Really, the whole New Testament is nothing more than the working out of this great truth. Being a Christian means being committed to the idea that everybody matters.
This includes not only people outside of the womb, but people inside it. The Scriptures make clear that people have identity and personhood before they are born. Look, for instance, at what God tells Jeremiah in Jeremiah 1:4-5. Even before he was born, Jeremiah was still Jeremiah. Even before any of us were born, we were still us, and all of us were and are precious image-bearers of God.
One of the great big moral problems with abortion is that it doesn’t treat people equally. Babies whom the mother wants to carry to term are precious image-bearers. In fact, if you kill a pregnant woman in Tennessee, they will charge you with double murder. However, if the mother doesn’t want to carry that baby to term, suddenly it doesn’t have value. It becomes the mother, rather than God, who assigns worth to that baby.
Worldwide, this has had horrific consequences. For instance, did you know that in Iceland these days, no more babies are being born with Down’s Syndrome? That’s because all of them are being detected during pregnancy screening and aborted. I think that’s horrible! Sure, people with Down’s Syndrome are often not as capable in some ways, but all of them whom I have known have had a kind, gracious spirit that would do credit to any Christian. Even more fundamentally, every one of them is created in the image of God too, and nobody should have the right to judge them as being unworthy.
Second, the Bible should call us to, for lack of a better way of expressing it, HUMILITY WITH LIFE. Consider what the Scriptures report about God in Psalm 90:1-4. God is so much greater than we are, and when it comes to matters of life and death, His decisions are so much greater than we are too.
This is something that I really got for the first time after my daughter Macy died. As I’m sure you can imagine, I spent years thinking long and deeply about it, trying to figure out what it all meant. On the one hand, losing a child was a horrendous experience, but on the other, that horrendous experience also equipped me to comfort others.
I think that for most people, having one of your children die is unimaginable. For me, I don’t even have to imagine. Others don’t know how it feels or what to say. I do. And so, for the past 10 years, as I’ve had opportunity, I’ve been saying it. Most notably, that helped me to reach out to a brother named Dennis and literally talk him out of killing himself. The tragic center of his tragic life was that he had lost a child too, and because we could meet each other there, I think I could help him find some peace.
As a human being, how do you deal with that? How do you balance your daughter’s life against being able to save somebody else’s life? When I confront that question, every time, I’m forced to turn away. I’m not big enough to answer it. However, I believe that God is big enough to answer it. In His greatness, He can judge in matters of life and death, and His judgments are always right.
This understanding is really at the heart of my objections to abortion. Abortion is wrong because it takes the power of life and death and arrogates that to ourselves. Even in cases where God expressly delegates that power to humankind, as with capital punishment, I think most of us would agree that we don’t do a great job making those decisions. We aren’t built for it. How much more, then, is making that decision about an unborn child beyond any of us?
However, we must balance that moral realization with COMPASSION FOR OTHERS. Here, let’s begin with what the Hebrews writer says about priests under the Law of Moses in Hebrews 5:1-2. I love this passage because it shows us that when we address the frailties of others, the first step must be to consider our own frailty.
It is awfully easy to demonize women who have abortions, but that is the very thing that a Christian must never do. There’s this portrait floating around out there of trashy women who have abortions because pregnancy is an inconvenience to their love lives, but I think that portrait bears almost no resemblance to reality.
Instead, I think that 99 percent of the time, women who have abortions, have them because they are afraid, in fact, because they’re terrified. They’re afraid of not being able to keep the job they depend on to live. They’re afraid that their boyfriend is going to leave them once he finds out they’re pregnant. They’re afraid that their church is going to find out and spend the next 50 years gossiping about them.
I sympathize with the brethren who are politically active because they want to see Roe v. Wade overturned. I think that their hearts are right, but I am less certain that their actions will have the effect that they want. Even if abortion is totally outlawed in our country (and I’m skeptical that will ever happen, honestly), all that will accomplish is to drive it underground again. Women who are afraid enough to abort their babies are also afraid enough to break the law to do it.
Instead, if we want to attack abortion, we must attack the fear that underlies it. Be somebody who is willing to care for a child not your own, so that women know they have options. Be somebody who will support and encourage single moms in a life that is very difficult instead of sneering at them and blaming them for their predicament.
For that matter, be somebody who is gentle with sinners rather than gossipy and harsh. Yes, they need to repent, but that’s for their sake, not ours. We need to make sure that everybody knows this church is a home for forgiven sinners, because that’s all any of us are.
During the singing last Sunday evening, Tyler led us in “O Come, All Ye Faithful”. That’s one of my favorite hymns, so after services, I went over to him and thanked him for doing so. As a result, we got to talking about the brethren who might object to singing such a hymn in worship because it’s commonly used as a Christmas carol.
Frankly, that objection has never made any sense to me. If we are using a hymn to worship in spirit and in truth, who cares if somebody else somewhere else has misused it? We need to pay less attention to the somebody elses and more attention to the truth.
I think this also is true when it comes to Bible teaching on grace. We know that false teachers have taken that teaching and corrupted it into a contradiction of Bible teaching on baptism. However, that’s not the Bible’s fault. That’s their fault. When we are teaching Bible truth on grace, then, we shouldn’t feel the need to fill that teaching with asterisks and disclaimers, like the Holy Spirit can’t speak for Himself. Instead, we should teach the truth without apology because God’s truth belongs to God’s people. Without further ado, then, let’s consider what the word says about being saved by grace.
One of the greatest Biblical texts on the subject is found in the early part of the book of Ephesians, so I thought it would be appropriate to work through that this evening. The context begins with Paul helping us with UNDERSTANDING OUR BLESSINGS. Let’s read here from Ephesians 1:16-19a. Here, Paul says that He wants the Ephesians, and indirectly us, to understand three things: the hope of their calling, the riches of their heavenly inheritance, and the greatness of God’s power.
This understanding might seem awfully abstract, but in reality, it’s something that’s critically important to the spiritual health of every Christian here. Ever asked a Christian if they’re going to heaven and get the reply, “I hope so”? Ever heard a brother say they know God has forgiven them, but they struggle to forgive themselves? Those are brethren who do not understand these three things. Because they don’t understand their hope, their inheritance, and God’s power, they are putting their trust in themselves instead of Him.
Brethren, it’s tragic when a Christian who should be rejoicing in God’s grace is miserable because of their own shortcomings! When it comes to salvation, we all need to take the focus off ourselves and put it on God where it belongs.
Next, Paul examines GOD’S WORK IN CHRIST. Look here at Ephesians 1:19b-23. Notice that this reading begins with Paul saying that the blessings from the last reading are in accordance with the power that God showed in raising and exalting Jesus. In other words, if we want a measuring stick to understand what God has done for us, we find that measuring stick in what He has done for Christ.
By any standard, God’s work in Christ is spectacular. When God’s work in Christ began, Jesus was nothing more than a corpse in Joseph of Arimathea’s tomb. Even His own followers thought He was a failure. However, God took a dead man, brought Him back to life, seated Him at His own right hand, put all things under His feet, and made Him the supreme head of the church. The One whom everybody thought was a failure was instead revealed as the King of heaven and earth, and His reign will last until the end of time.
That’s too much for any human being to do or even to contemplate. Nobody even imagined that God might do such a thing before He did it with Jesus. This is the God whom we worship and serve, brethren. We can look at His work in Jesus and know that the blessings He has stored up for us are literally beyond our ability to imagine too.
In case we have any doubts about this, Paul then goes on to compare God’s work in Jesus to HIS WORK IN US. This comparison appears in Ephesians 2:1-6. Let’s pay attention to how closely parallel these two works were. Just like Jesus was dead when God started with Him, we were dead when God started with us. However, in our case, we weren’t merely physically dead. We were spiritually dead in our sins. We were so steeped in evil that we had corrupted our very natures with our sin. We were beyond hope.
However, just like God gave life to dead Jesus, He gave life to us in our spiritual death. Because of His great mercy and love, even though we did not deserve to live, He made us alive anyway. Third, just as God seated Jesus in the heavenly places after His resurrection, He has seated us in the place of honor right next to Christ.
Why did God do all of these things? It’s so that our redemption can proclaim the riches of His grace forever. A powerful earthly ruler might spend his earthly riches on building some monument to his greatness. Think of the Pyramids or the Taj Mahal. God, though, lavished His spiritual riches on us so that for eternity, anybody who looks at us can know how great He is. We are a monument to His greatness, and we always will be.
In the final section of this context, Paul explores the contrast between GRACE AND WORKS. Let’s finish our reading with Ephesians 2:8-10. I’ve had people use vs. 8-9 on me to “prove” that you don’t have to be baptized to be saved, but in context, that’s not Paul’s point at all. Instead, he is explaining that our salvation glorifies God because God is responsible for it and we aren’t.
This makes perfect sense. Even in earthly terms, we don’t look at the Taj Mahal and think of the Pharaohs because the Pharaohs didn’t build the Taj Mahal. In the same way, if our own good works were enough to justify us, our self-justification would not glorify God. He would not be responsible. We didn’t make ourselves righteous so that we could boast in ourselves. Instead, God made us, so that His workmanship would proclaim His glory. Our hope, then, is not in ourselves, but entirely in His grace.
However, that doesn’t mean that we can take God’s grace as an excuse to live however we want and then come scampering back to take a grace bath. Instead, though we are not justified by our good works, we are created for good works. If we choose not to walk in those good works, we no longer glorify the One whose grace redeemed us. We’re putting Him to shame instead, and believe me, brethren, putting the living God to shame is not something any of us want to do!
As I continue to make my way down my ever-growing list of sermon requests, the next is for a sermon on authority, especially about the way that the church is authorized by the New Testament to use its money. In summary, what we see in the Scriptures is that the first-century church spent money on a limited number of works: evangelizing the lost, edifying the saved, and providing for needy saints. Many other works that seem good to us, like helping the world’s poor or providing a space for Christians to eat together, do not appear in the word as works of the church.
Many brethren find this analysis unsatisfying. On the one hand, they see all the good that the church might do, and on the other, they see the arguments against the church doing those things as legalistic quibbling. I respect those brethren, and I get where they’re coming from, but I think there’s something they’re missing. Once we depart from the first-century pattern, we start losing touch with the first-century church, not only in those departures, but because of the ripple effects of those departures. We can’t change things up according to our wisdom without losing something vital in the process. This morning, then, let’s consider authority and consequences..
The first problem that comes from adopting human institutions is that IT WILL LIMIT THE SPIRITUAL GROWTH OF BRETHREN. By way of illustration, let’s look at the words of the Israelites in 1 Samuel 8:19-20. The Israelites have a problem. They are idolatrous and wicked, so God keeps sending the nations around them to conquer them and oppress them. The Israelites could fix this problem by choosing to become righteous, but they don’t do that. Instead, they look to their neighbors for inspiration and demand a king. The king will fight their battles for them. He will protect them so that they will be safe without having to become righteous! What a great idea!
Of course, things do not work out the way the Israelites expect. Because they do not repent, God continues to punish them, and eventually, they are carried into exile along with their king. The worldly solution does not fix the spiritual problem.
There’s a very real sense in which, when we turn to institutions for solutions, we are doing the same thing. We see a spiritual problem: for instance, we think the Christians here don’t spend enough time showing hospitality to one another. Our hearts are not open to our brethren. Like the Israelites, we consult our neighbors for guidance, and we decide to build a fellowship hall like the churches around us. We think that will fix things.
Sadly, though, the fellowship hall isn’t solving the right problem, just like the king wasn’t solving the right problem. The king didn’t fix the hearts of the Israelites, and a fellowship hall won’t fix the hearts of Christians who don’t want to be hospitable. You’ve got an apparent solution, but it isn’t the solution that Christ wants to see in us, and indeed, it will discourage us from becoming more like him.
Second, bringing in those human institutions will HINDER THE WORK OF THE CHURCH. To summarize that work, let’s look at 1 Timothy 3:14-15. Here, Paul tells us that the church is supposed to be the pillar and support of the truth. That priority is reflected in the way this congregation spends its money. Pretty much, that spending is divided into three main categories: spending on the building, so we have a place to assemble, teach and learn; spending on local evangelists, Clay and me; and spending on foreign evangelists, men like Ronald Roark, who is baptizing people by the dozens off in Africa. All of it is connected to the truth.
Now, though, we introduce that fellowship hall. I doubt you could get one built for less than seven figures, so we’d have to take out a mortgage to do it and then service the debt. You’ve got to furnish the thing, you’ve got to buy food, and you’ve got to pay for the extra insurance. For some reason, church buildings with kitchens burn down more frequently than church buildings without!
All that takes money, and now you have to make your budget balance. In practice, let me tell you how it’s going to go. All the money for building upkeep will continue to be spent. The local evangelists will continue to be supported. However, men like Ronald Roark are going to get letters from us telling them that we can’t afford to support them anymore. Maybe souls in Africa will continue to be saved, but we won’t have anything to do with it. Is that the bargain that we want to strike, brethren—more convenience for us at the cost of denying others the opportunity to hear the gospel?
In theory, I suppose we could increase our contributions so that we can afford both Ronald Roark and the fellowship hall, but if we could give that much, why aren’t we giving it now? The elders turn aside men every month who are asking us to support them. If we had a larger contribution, we could do that. However we wriggle, we can’t escape the conclusion that a fellowship hall means less support of foreign evangelism. I don’t think that’s something any of us want to accept.
Finally, human institutions tend to MAKE THE CHURCH ABOUT MONEY. Let’s look at the Biblical pattern here in 1 Corinthians 16:1-2. Have you ever noticed, brethren, how the giving of the church is adequate to sustain the work of the church? As long as a congregation limits itself to the Biblical pattern, unless something has gone badly wrong, the church will be able to support itself.
However, as we observed above, all the human institutions that we might come up with, from fellowship halls to church colleges, come with a price tag. The more you have, the pricier it gets, and the less able you are to support them on the freewill offerings of the saints. It’s like putting a Prius engine in a semi body. There’s just not enough power to get the job done.
That’s why churches start departing from the pattern on giving too. I guarantee you that every church that preaches tithing does it because they have human institutions to support. The same holds true for bake sales, yard sales, and bingo nights. Those churches start grasping for income because they have to.
Let me tell you about where all that ends up. Back when I was a starving young preacher trainee, Lauren did temp admin work so we could have things like health insurance. During that time, she spent a couple of months working for the Diocese of Beaumont. While there, she learned that the only thing, literally the only thing, you have to do to remain a Catholic in good standing is to fill out your yearly pledge card and send it in. You don’t ever have to show up. Give them money, and they’re good with you.
That sounds pretty bad, doesn’t it? Well, guess how the Catholic Church ended up there? It’s because of all the institutions they have to support. We might argue, I suppose, about how far we could safely travel down that road. For myself, I’d rather not even start down it.
For the past several years, one of the most hotly discussed political topics in our country has been the subject of immigration. In America today, there are millions of people who, rather than being citizens of the United States, are citizens of somewhere else. Even though according to the laws of the United States, they do not belong here, they have come here anyway, and many of them live for years or even decades in a country that is not their own.
I’m not up here to weigh in on that political debate. Instead, I want us to remember that, even though they have been overlooked by both political parties, there is at least one other group of people living in the United States that doesn’t belong here either. I refer, of course, to Christians. Even if we were born and raised in the U-S-of-A, our citizenship is still in heaven, not here, and if we want to go there, we’d better put that heavenly citizenship first!
This always have been true of the people of God. The Hebrews writer captures this idea beautifully in Hebrews 11:13-16. Let’s spend the next few minutes unpacking this text, learning what it means for us to be strangers and exiles on the earth.
First, it means that WE SEE AND GREET THE PROMISES. Our example here is Abraham and the patriarchs. God gave them the land promise, the nation promise, and the seed promise, but all of them died before those promises were fulfilled. Even though they would never see those fulfillments on earth, they looked toward them and welcomed them.
So too it must be for us. God has made us many promises, but the greatest of them, the promise of eternal life, is something that none of us will see on earth either. Nonetheless, if we want to walk in the footsteps of Abraham, we too must welcome this promise. We have to look forward to it. We have to greet it.
The only way for us to do that is through the word. I’ve found that the older I get, the more the promise of heaven means to me. We need to turn to the Scriptures constantly to reaffirm our trust and joy in that promise. Every time we read about eternal life, we need to say, “That promise is about me,” and we need to remember the promise through every moment of our lives. Let’s be sure that our eyes never turn anywhere else!
Second, if we are truly strangers and exiles, it means that WE SEEK A HOMELAND. It’s hard not to have a homeland. I think some of the most pathetic people on earth are refugees. There’s been a war or a famine that has driven them from their homes, and so they’re living in a squalid refugee camp someplace else, counting the hours until they can go to where they belong.
That’s supposed to be us too. We often sing, “This world is not my home,” but sadly, there are many Christians who are acting awfully comfortable in the refugee camp! Our priorities tell us where our true homeland is. Let’s think about the way we spend our money, our time, and our energy. Would somebody who watched us for several weeks conclude that we were striving with all our might for heaven, or would they say that our hope was set on the things of earth? Refugees are not content. Refugees do not behave like they plan to stay indefinitely. If that’s how we’re acting, maybe our citizenship isn’t where we think it is!
Third, if we’re strangers and exiles, WE DON’T LOOK BACK. Here, let’s pay attention to the language of Hebrews 11:15. The Hebrews writer doesn’t say of Abraham and the rest that they didn’t go back to the land they came from. Instead, he says that they didn’t think of the land they came from. This isn’t a passage about action. This is a passage about the heart.
Let’s consider ourselves here. We’re all here assembled in the Lord’s name. Presumably, that means that we haven’t turned our back on Him and returned to Satan’s country, the dominion of darkness that we came out of.
However, our hearts are another subject altogether. Are we here because we think we have to be here, or are we here because we want to be here? Do we hate our former sins, or do we long for them because we miss them terribly? Are we pressing on toward Canaan, or are we looking back over our shoulders at the pleasures of Egypt?
If the latter, we need to pay attention to the writer’s warning. He notes that if the patriarchs had wanted to go back, they would have had opportunity to go back. So too for us. Sometimes we sing, “I know the Lord will make a way for me,” but I am confident that if our hearts love sin, the devil will make a way for us too. People who want to go back will get the chance. Only if our hearts are right will we inherit the promises.
If that’s the way we live, though, the Hebrews writer says it will have two important consequences. The first is that WE HAVE GOD FOR OUR GOD. Specifically, the text says that God is not ashamed to be called their God. That’s an idea that we could stand to think more about. There is one way that we can live that will make God proud of us, that will make Him happy to claim us as His own on the day of judgment. On the other hand, there’s another way that we might live that will make God ashamed of us. He will look at our disgraceful actions and say, “No, I don’t know who they are. They don’t belong to Me.”
We might think that a Christian would have to behave pretty badly to make God ashamed of them, but in reality, the shame-causing activities are the things that we just got through studying. If we don’t see and welcome His promises, God will be ashamed of us. If we take earth for our home instead of seeking heaven for our home, God will be ashamed of us. If we constantly think of the sinful life we left behind, God will be ashamed of us, and wouldn’t that be an awful thought? Obviously, the personal consequences are terrible, but even beyond that, God has given me so much. I don’t ever want to be somebody who makes Him feel embarrassed and ashamed!
Finally, if we are strangers and exiles on the earth, WE HAVE A CITY PREPARED FOR US. First of all, note that this is the ultimate evidence that God approves of us. Rest assured that nobody He is ashamed of is going to dwell in His presence for eternity! Instead, we will be there to glorify Him, which shows His conviction that we do, in fact, glorify Him.
Second, the preparations that God and Jesus make show us that we don’t have to fear disappointment. You know, if we spend our lives seeking the things above instead of the things on the earth, but there actually is nothing waiting for us above, that would stink! In Paul’s words, we would be of all men most to be pitied.
However, we don’t have to worry about that. We have reason to believe that God is, and if God is, God is faithful. If God is faithful, when He tells us that we have a city prepared for us, we can trust Him. Whatever we go through here to get there, it will be worth it!
A few days ago, Jared Saltz posted a link to a monologue by newscaster Chris Hayes. In the monologue, Hayes called out his bosses at NBC for failing to support Ronan Farrow’s investigation of Harvey Weinstein because Weinstein was powerful and had many friends. It’s easy to “take a stand” when doing so will cost you nothing. It’s hard to do so when you know there’s a price tag attached.
This is every bit as much an issue for preachers as it is for journalists. There is a temptation to rail on from the pulpit about the abuses of X denomination, or about Y sin that no one in attendance practices. However, when it comes to the spiritual problems that you know the brethren actually have, you’re silent about those.
Preaching like that is extremely popular. All of us love to hear about the things we’re doing right and somebody else is doing wrong. However, it probably makes the preacher in question a false prophet, even if he’s only lying by omission.
By contrast, addressing problems in the congregation have is a fraught exercise. People who believe that you are "preaching at them", whether correctly or not, are likely to get mad at you about it. Indeed, if they are powerful enough, you might find yourself looking for someplace else to preach! The example of David in 2 Samuel 12 is easy for Christians to praise but difficult to emulate. It's much easier for brethren to walk the path of Ahab in 1 Kings 18, and preachers know it.
It might seem, then, like the right answer for preachers is to burn their bridges every three years and move on, but I don't think that's necessarily correct either. Yes, preachers are called to proclaim, but we also are called to persuade. Preachers who focus on proclamation at the expense of persuasion are speaking truth, but they may well be missing out on speaking truth in love. That doesn't glorify God either, and it is likely to intensify the preacher's usual struggles with cynicism and self-righteousness.
Perhaps we can define the work of the preacher with the congregation as earning the right to speak hard truths. As much as I grind my teeth at the progressive rhetoric of "safe spaces", it is nonetheless true that people won't listen unless they feel safe. They have to believe that you are convinced of their value before they will hear a critique of their behavior from you. You aren't the one who gets to decide whether you are speaking the truth in love. They are.
Among the preachers whom I most admire are those who have worked for decades with the same congregation. Such longevity is nearly always proof of getting the truth-in-love balance right. A church deprived of the truth for a long time will dissolve or apostatize. A church exposed to loveless truth will run off the proclaimer. It’s not surprising, then, that these long-time preachers nearly always end up serving as elders too, revealing a knack for navigating relationships both in their families and in the congregation.
Sometimes preachers are faced with Pilate’s-hall moments, in which either they boldly proclaim the truth or they do not, and they suffer the consequences either way. May such men choose to honor Christ, whatever the cost! May we also be wise, though, in preparing the way for the gospel, in serving our brethren with selfless love. That way, when the time comes for us to preach hard truths, they will accept them rather than rejecting both them and us.