I may be mistaken here, but it seems to me that when it comes to the work that God does today, we pay even less attention to the work of the Son than we do to the work of the Father or the work of the Spirit. We tend to credit the Father with all of those generic God functions, and the continuing controversies about the Spirit at least make us consider what He is doing now.
Jesus, however, doesn’t get any of that attention. From somewhere, we seem to have gotten the idea that now that He has ascended, He’s just kind of hanging out at the right hand of the Father, waiting until His reappearance on the day of judgment.
If that’s what we think, we could not be more mistaken. As with the Father, the Son is continually active, and we depend on His activities in any number of areas. Let’s consider some of these as we study the work of the Son today.
First, the Scriptures tell us that Jesus UPHOLDS. Here, let’s look at Hebrews 1:3. This text is a fascinating glimpse into the nature of reality, and it tells us just how mistaken Christian deism is. God did not make the universe like a watch and then sit back and let it run. The universe does not have an independent existence. Instead, it depends on a constant infusion of power from Jesus. If He were to cease upholding it even for a moment, all the visible creation would be obliterated.
Believe it or not, even science gives us reason to believe that Jesus is working in this way. The best model that we have for understanding reality is the general theory of relativity. However, according to the general theory of relativity, the universe should not be holding together. Stars should disintegrate. Galaxies should fly apart. Scientists generally agree, then, that there is some force that we cannot define or measure that is sustaining the universe. Typically, they say that dark matter, which, again, no one ever has seen or measured, is responsible for this. Personally, I tend to suspect that this incredible force is nothing other than the word of the power of Jesus.
This should awe us. It’s impressive that God created the heavens and the earth, but that happened a long time ago. By contrast, at this very moment, Jesus is wielding power on a scale that is cosmic, incomprehensible. I can’t even wrap my mind around the vastness of the universe to begin with, much less the incredible might required to hold it all together, atom by atom. Next to a being like Jesus, all of us are nothing.
Second, in a related idea, Jesus REIGNS. Let’s flip the page in our Bibles to Hebrews 2:7-8. Here, the Hebrews writer is quoting Psalm 8, which originally applied generically to mankind. However, as He explains, it especially applies to Jesus and to His rulership of creation until everything will be brought into subjection under His feet. For the past 2000 years, it fundamentally hasn’t mattered who rules on earth, because Jesus reigns in heaven.
Among other things, this exposes some of the problems with the false doctrine of premillennialism. Premillennialists claim that God always intended for Jesus to reign as an earthly king in Jerusalem, but His plan was defeated by Jesus’ crucifixion. The church, then, is basically a Plan B until Jesus returns to earth to take up the kingship that He was denied 2000 years ago, at which point He will rule for 1000 years.
Brethren, this doesn’t make sense. When Jesus is the King of the universe right now, why would it even be important for Him to be king in Jerusalem? That would be like the President of the United States finishing out His term and going to work as a convenience store clerk! Who would do that?
Instead, Jesus has authority over everything, Jerusalem included, right now, and His reign will continue until the defeat of His final enemy, death. At that point, He will return the kingdom to the Father. For now, though, no absolute monarchy the world has ever seen can compare to the reign of King Jesus. Let’s make sure we honor Him accordingly.
Third, Jesus MEDIATES. Consider 1 Timothy 2:5. Here, we learn not only that Jesus is a mediator between man and God. He is the only possible mediator.
There’s some confusion about this point. I’ve heard it said that Jesus is the only intercessor between man and God. The problem is, though, that intercession and mediation aren’t the same thing. Intercession is approaching someone else on a third party’s behalf. Mediation is helping two other parties to resolve their differences.
Jesus certainly is both intercessor and mediator. However, when it comes to intercession, Jesus is not unique. Every Christian has the right to intercede with God in prayer on behalf of another. In fact, every time we pray in the assembly for someone’s health or well-being, that is an intercessory prayer.
Mediation, on the other hand, is a role that belongs uniquely to the Son. For all of us who are of age, our sin has set us at odds with God, and we need someone to reconcile us to Him. Literally the only one who can do that is Jesus. Either we come to the Father through the Son, or we do not come to Him at all.
This means that we have to come to God on Jesus’ terms. We don’t get to decide that the sinner’s prayer, for instance, is adequate to cleanse us of our sins. Instead, we have to call upon the name of the Lord. We have to appeal to His authority in the way that He prescribed. If we want Jesus to mediate for us, there’s only one way to get Him to fulfill that role, and that is through baptism.
Finally, Jesus PREPARES. Here, let’s read from John 14:1-3. To me, this is one of the most beautiful passages in the entire Bible. However, I think it becomes even more beautiful when we take a moment to consider the Greek grammar. Unlike formal English, koiné Greek has a second-person plural pronoun, and that’s what Jesus is using here. To put things in Tennessean, all the way through this passage, rather than saying “you”, Jesus is saying “y’all”. In context, that means all of the people who still were present at the Last Supper, but by extension, it means all of us.
The implications for every single Christian in this room are profound. No matter how unworthy or insignificant you feel, Jesus loves you, right now. He is working to prepare a place for you in heaven, right now. Right now, He is planning to come again and receive you to Himself, so that forever, wherever He is, there you will be.
That, brethren, is what makes Christianity worthwhile. For that matter, it is what makes life on earth worthwhile. Discipleship isn’t always fun. Often, we are called upon to do difficult things that we don’t enjoy. We’re called to carry a cross, not a pillow. However, at the end of all of that, Jesus will be ready and waiting for us. Our amazing and wonderful Savior, who was willing even to die for us, is eager to fill our eternity with joy, and nothing could be better than that!
Among churches of Christ today, the most studied chapter in Proverbs, and possibly the most studied chapter in the Old Testament, is Proverbs 31. Countless women’s classes have explored the topic of the virtuous woman, as determined sisters strive to emulate her fictitious excellence. One might almost say that she has achieved celebrity status among Christians. After all, she does have her own line of handbags!
There’s certainly nothing wrong with studying Proverbs 31, but for the next few Sunday evenings, I want to examine a lesser-known paragon we’ll reach in this week’s Bible reading. In Job 31, Job launches into a point-by-point defense of his character, explaining why it is that he hasn’t earned God’s wrath. Even though Job lived under a different dispensation than we do, everything that he lists is something that men of God ought to strive for today. Indeed, as we’ll see, some of the topics that he explores have a very modern ring to them. Without further ado, then, let’s see what we can learn this evening from the first part of our study of the virtuous man.
According to Job, the first attribute that the virtuous man possesses is PURITY OF HEART. Let’s read about it in Job 31:1-4. To me, this is fascinating. Normally, we think of lust as a New-Testament kind of sin. After all, didn’t Jesus warn us that lust was as bad as adultery in the Sermon on the Mount? It’s obvious from this text, though, that thousands of years before the Sermon on the Mount, Job recognized the spiritual dangers of looking lustfully on a young woman. Indeed, he foresaw such problems that he made a covenant with his eyes to keep them looking where they should.
There are two important lessons here for us. The first is that if we want to keep our hearts free from lust, we are going to have to be determined about it. Back in the day, a covenant was a solemn legal obligation. Abraham’s covenant with God and the Sinai covenant were sealed with the blood of sacrifices. You did not make a covenant lightly, and you did not break it once you made it.
If we don’t have this solemn resolution, we inevitably will find our eyes looking on someone else with lust. Our society makes lust incredibly easy. When I go to Wal-Mart in the summer, half the women in the store are wearing things that reveal more than I ever wanted to know. Online, things are no better and often worse. It is more work to not find someone to gaze on than it is to find them. If we don’t live with determination and resolve, our eyes will lead us into sin.
Second, when we are considering whether we should watch someone we don’t have a right to watch, we should remember who is watching us. As Job points out in v. 5, God sees all our ways. He knows when our eyes are looking where they shouldn’t, and when our hearts are thinking things they shouldn’t. Lust is subtle enough that we can hide it from others if we are careful, but we never should think that we can hide it from Him.
Next, Job examines the value of HONESTY. Consider Job 31:5-8. This is a text that is about Job’s business dealings. It considers the question of whether he has been deceitful and used his position to exploit others.
I think we see clearly what Job is talking about when we consider the penalty of v. 6. There, he invites God to weigh him in a just balance, implying that wrongdoing would be using an unjust balance. We don’t do things that way today, so let me explain. Thousands of years ago, when goods were sold by weight, merchants used a balance, like we see in those pictures of the scales of justice. If you wanted to sell, say, a pound of olives, you would put your one-pound weight in one pan and olives in the other until the scales balanced.
Unscrupulous merchants, though, would keep two sets of weights: a heavy set for when they were buying, and a light set for when they were selling. That way, they could buy 1.5 pounds of olives for the price of one pound and sell .5 pounds of olives for the price of one pound. That might be a good way to enrich yourself, but it sure is slimy!
Today, we see unscrupulous merchants pull the same trick when they take advantage of their superior knowledge to put one over on an unsuspecting customer. This is like the auto mechanic who tells you you need half your engine replaced when you actually don’t. He knows he’s lying, but you don’t, so he skins you.
Christians have to be above that. We have to love fair dealing more than we love money. If we’re selling a used car, and we know the car has problems, we have to tell potential sellers about those problems. If we’re selling a house, and we know it’s got mold in the attic, we can’t ignore the situation and hope the home inspector doesn’t notice. We have to be forthright. Being straightforward will cost us some money, but being deceitful will cost us our souls.
Finally, Job informs us that the virtuous man is SELF-CONTROLLED. Look at the text of Job 31:9-12. Here, Job expresses the wish that if he has sneaked around and committed adultery with his neighbor’s wife, that his own wife will betray him with his neighbor. That’s pretty strong stuff!
Today, of course, adultery is no less a temptation. If you talk to the elders here, they can give you decade after decade of stories about Christian men who have been unfaithful to their wives, and all the disasters that followed from that. First, as Job observes, it’s the sort of thing that can get you brought before a judge. Sneaking around is a great way to end up in divorce court, and as anybody who has had anything to do with a divorce can tell you, that’s not where you want to be!
Second, Job points out the destructiveness of adultery. He says that it would produce a fire that would destroy his whole life. Brethren, we need to think seriously about this. There’s no better way to ruin everything we hold dear than to cheat on our wives. That will place tremendous stress on our marriage if not destroy it altogether. Financially speaking, the single worst financial mistake people can make is to get divorced. It will have horrific effects on our kids. I’ve seen more than one girl whose father was unfaithful to her mother grow up and marry a man who betrayed her in just the same way. That was the kind of man her father’s example taught her to look for. Finally, of course, it will ruin our relationship with God and cause us to lose our souls unless we repent. If there is any sin that we should fear to the depths of our being, it is adultery.
As I said last week, based on a suggestion, I’m currently preaching a series on the work of God today. This week’s lesson, then, is going to be about the Father and the work that He does today.
If I were willing to reach back to the Old Testament especially, I could probably preach for the rest of the year on this subject. There is so, so much material to cover, and I only have 25 minutes to cover it, so necessarily, a lot gets left on the cutting-room floor!
For instance, I’m not going to discuss the Father’s work in controlling the course of human history. I believe that just as He did thousands of years ago, He continues to guide the rise and fall of nations today, and that He will bless righteous nations and humble wicked ones. Nonetheless, that’s another sermon for another time.
Instead, I’m going to focus this morning on what the Father does for each one of us personally. None of us are beneath His notice; indeed, He is every bit as concerned with us as we are. In this regard, then, let’s consider the work of the Father today.
First, the Scripture teaches us that the Father PROVIDES FOR US. This is pretty plain in James 1:16-17. In context, James is attacking the idea that the Father might tempt us to sin. Instead, everything that the Father sends us is good, and everything in our lives that is good comes from Him.
This should call us first of all to be thankful. Every morning when we get out of bed and take that first deep breath, it’s a gift from the Father. Every meal we eat, we receive from His hand.
This is true not only for His faithful people, but also for the ones who reject Him. God provides for the hard-hearted sinner. He provides for the atheist. Their lack of gratitude hurts Him, but it does not diminish His goodness nor His willingness to provide. We know better than those people do, so we ought to do better. Let’s make sure that we pause continually throughout the day to thank our Father for His good gifts.
Additionally, we should remember the Father’s provision when times aren’t so good. Much of the time, when life isn’t going their way, people are quick to blame God for it. Really, this is reverse blasphemy of the Holy Spirit. It is attributing the works of the devil to God. Besides, no matter how awful our lives might be right now, the good that God has done us far outweighs our current suffering. None of us have any reason to complain about our treatment at His hands!
Second, the Father PROTECTS US. Let’s reflect for a moment on a familiar passage, 1 Corinthians 10:13. This is one I can remember from childhood, along with the idea that, when tempted, I should look for the way of escape that God provides.
Before we get that far, though, let’s think about what it means that the Father (I think “God” in 1 Corinthians 10 is the Father) does not allow us to be tempted beyond our ability. That is certainly not a goal of the devil, who is not a sporting old chap. I am quite confident that if he were allowed to have his own way, Satan would happily crush us with temptation far beyond our ability.
In fact, I think Satan often does exactly that. Notice that the protection of God only extends to “us”. Contextually, Paul isn’t talking about human beings generally. He’s talking about himself and the brethren of the church in Corinth. He’s talking about Christians. I do not think this promise extends to people who are not Christians. They have chosen to live in the dominion of darkness, and they are fair game for the roaring lion.
However, for those of us who are in the kingdom of the beloved Son instead, this means that God is constantly intervening in our lives, constantly interposing Himself between us and the devil in ways that we can neither perceive nor understand, so that Satan’s desires to ruin us are constantly frustrated. Sadly, I too often stumble even when I am not tempted beyond my ability, but I am thankful that God is constantly watching out for me and protecting me from the worst.
Third, the Father ANSWERS PRAYER. Look at the words of the Lord in Matthew 6:6. Here, Jesus urges us not to pray like the hypocrites, who prayed not because they were concerned about God, but because they wanted to impress other people. Instead, we are to seek the Father in prayer, and He will reward us.
Obviously, in real life, things are more complicated than that. All of us have had the experience of asking the Father for things that we did not receive. Sometimes, this is because free will intervenes. We might pray for God to soften the heart of an unrepentant loved one, and yet they go on being unrepentant. Well, that’s how free will works.
Sometimes, though, it seems like our prayers are not answered the way we want simply because God doesn’t want to. At times, this can be frustrating or even crushing. However, once we take a step back and think about it, we have to acknowledge that that’s how we want things. We want God to protect us from the limitations of our own wisdom.
For instance, I got married fairly late and dated a lot before I got married. There were several times when I prayed that I might get to marry a particular woman. Obviously, God only granted one of those prayers. At the time, I was not happy when things didn’t work out, but in retrospect, I should not have married any of the others.
I didn’t know what was best, but God did. More generally, all of us need to accept that we usually don’t know what is best, but God always does. We have to trust Him.
Finally, the Father FORGIVES. Ephesians 4:32 tells the story. Here, we see Paul urging the Ephesians to forgive one another as God in Christ forgave them. That doesn’t mean grudgingly and incompletely. It means totally, entirely, and forever.
What a precious thought this is! Sometimes, I hear folks complaining that the Bible has too many rules in it. The implication is that the God of the Bible is unfair. You know what? I think that’s exactly right. God is incredibly unfair in His treatment of me.
If God treated me fairly, if He gave me what I deserved, I still would be dead in my sins and headed for eternal death in hell. Instead, God gives me what is not fair and what I do not deserve. He has poured out so much of His mercy on me that I am completely clean. God be praised for that!
It’s incredible to me that God wanted to forgive me so much that He sent His Son to die in my place. Arguably, it’s equally incredible that after so much mercy and forgiveness, people still complain about His expectations. Let’s not make that mistake. Let’s seek to do God’s will, but above all, let’s glory in His forgiveness!
Sometimes, I think brethren tend to a kind of Christian deism. They talk like God did all of this amazing stuff thousands of years ago, but since the completion of the written word, He has backed off and left the world to its own devices. Now, there’s some truth to this. I don’t think any of us should expect to see miraculous signs today. However, it doesn’t consider all of the other things that aren’t miracles that God still does.
It’s important for Christians to understand this. I was talking to Billy Tanner a few weeks back, he suggested that we would all benefit from a study of the topic, and I agreed. By the way, as always, if you want teaching on some topic, let me know, and I’ll do my best to work it in. I envision four sermons in this series, one each for the Father, the Son, and the Spirit, but I’d thought I’d kick things off by considering the works that all the persons of the Godhead are involved in. With this in mind, let’s look at the work of God today.
The first of these works that I want to examine is that GOD KNOWS US. Let’s read from Psalm 139:1-3. This is hard for our limited minds to understand. Because God is everywhere and knows everything, He constantly is with us, and He knows everything that we do, say, and even think. He knows us better than our parents. He knows us better than our spouses. He knows us better than anybody.
If we truly understand this, it can be a source of tremendous comfort for us. It means that if we need something, He knows all about our needs before we even ask. When we are in the middle of temptation, He is right there in the middle of it with us, and He surely will strengthen us if we ask Him. When we are lonely, we never truly are alone. When we spend years or decades fighting to do the right thing, even when it’s hard, He knows our struggles, and He is pleased with our desire to be faithful. When we are suffering, He is there to share and ease our pain. On and on and on—every blessing we can know comes from the presence of God in our lives.
Of course, these blessings are for the righteous, and if we are not living righteously, then God’s perfect understanding of us is a source not of comfort, but of terror. He sees the evil we do in public, but He also sees our secret sin. It is impossible for us to hide the tiniest trace of evil from Him. When Judas plotted to betray His Lord, Jesus knew it all. When Ananias and Sapphira lied to make themselves look good, they quickly found that they were lying not to men, but to the Holy Spirit.
It’s vital that we understand all this, because God’s perfect knowledge tells us everything we need to know about how we should live our lives. Do you want to go through life constantly being terrified because God is watching? Me neither! On the other hand, if we are willing only to live for Him, His presence will become the source of unfailing joy.
Second, GOD CALLS US TO HIMSELF. Here, let’s look at a familiar text, Acts 2:38-39. I want to focus, though, not on the baptism part, but on the promise-of-salvation-and-life part. Peter says that this promise is for those who are near, the Jews, and for those who are far off, the Gentiles. Indeed, the promise is for everyone whom God calls to Himself. Whom does God call? Everybody!
To me, this is one of the most beautiful things about Christianity. The expression of God’s love is universal. We could be a no-counter in the world’s eyes. Doesn’t matter. God loves us. We could be poor. Doesn’t matter. God loves us. We could be the most wretched, vile sinner under heaven. Doesn’t matter. God loves us.
That’s easy to say. I can tell somebody, “I love you,” yet have a heart filled with indifference and contempt. That’s not how the love of God is. Instead, He has proven His love for us by inviting us to live with Him forever. Jesus offered Himself to make that possible. I think the idea that the Bible is a love letter can be carried too far, but it is nonetheless true that everything that the Holy Spirit ever has revealed proclaims God’s love and the good news of His invitation to us.
This too is something that ought to change our lives once we understand it. The world assigns value to us and offers meaning to our lives only to the extent that we are useful. If you can hit a ball over a fence or shoot another ball through a hoop, the world will throw millions of dollars at you. Then, once your career is over, the world doesn’t care if you end up sleeping on a heating grate.
Not so with God. Every one of us is intrinsically precious in His sight. He wants all of us to live with Him so that He can cherish us for eternity, and that is the definitive statement of what a human being is worth.
Finally, HE INDWELLS US today. Turn with me to Romans 8:9-11. For some reason, discussion of indwelling tends to center around the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, but this text makes it clear that all three persons of the Godhead are involved. In v. 9, we’ve got the Spirit of God, generally identified as the Holy Spirit, and the Spirit of Christ. Then, in v. 11, we’ve got the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead, and that’s the Father. There are also plenty of other passages that talk about the Father and the Son abiding in us.
So. . . what does this mean? I think the key to understanding any kind of spiritual indwelling is to go back a chapter and look at Paul’s discussion of the indwelling of sin in Romans 7. When he says that sin indwelt him, he doesn’t mean that he had a little sin demon that lived inside his head. Instead, he means that sin dominated, controlled, and enslaved him.
That’s what the indwelling of the Spirit, whichever Spirit you pick, is about too. It is about God having control and dominion in our hearts. Everybody is either indwelt by sin or indwelt by God. There is no third way. One of the two is always going to be controlling us.
Obviously, one of the means that God uses to exert His influence and control is the word. Through the word, He instructs us in righteousness and motivates us to obey. Anyone who does not seek God in His word will not be indwelt by Him.
It may be that God operates on our hearts in other ways as well. For instance, in James 1, James promises that God will give us wisdom if we pray for it in faith. Is that prayer answered only as we study the word? I don’t know, and frankly, I don’t think the answer to the question is that important. So long as I can be confident that God will answer my prayers, I’m not concerned with how He does it.
Last week, I did something I’ve never done before. I bought a firearm. There were many reasons why I did this, but ultimately, it was because of my desire to protect my family if the need arose.
In making this decision, I had to reckon with the words of Jesus in Matthew 5:38-41. For centuries, people have understood this passage to mean that it is wrong for Christians to use violence, even if they are defending themselves. If that’s what the test requires, brethren, that’s what we have to do. We can’t pretend like this passage doesn’t exist and do what we want anyway. If we defend ourselves, and it’s against the will of Jesus, we are no different from anyone else who chooses to defy His will.
However, before we reach that point, we have to decide whether that is, in fact, what the text is saying. Just a few verses up in Matthew 5, Jesus tells us to tear out our sinful eyes and cut off our sinful hands. We know that isn’t meant to be literal, and it may well be that turning the other cheek doesn’t mean what it appears to mean either. Let’s explore this issue as we consider self-defense and the Christian.
It’s appropriate to open this exploration by looking at some PROBLEMS WITH THE LITERAL READING. Why shouldn’t we understand this text as a general prohibition of self-defense? I see three issues with that reading, and the first of these is that it doesn’t correct the way that the Jews were misreading Scripture.
“An eye for an eye,” after all, is taken from the Law of Moses in Exodus 21:24, and in that context, it’s not about self-defense or even personal revenge at all. Instead, it’s a standard for determining the severity of judicial punishment. The Jews of Jesus’ time are taking this judicial standard and saying, “We have the right to dish out punishment ourselves.” If “Turn the other cheek” is about self-defense, it does not correct this misreading of Scripture. Instead, it is introducing an entirely new topic, and for Jesus, that would be extremely sloppy logic.
Second, this reading doesn’t fit with the rest of Jesus’ answer. In Matthew 5, He spells out three ways that His disciples are not to resist evil: by turning the other cheek, by not fighting lawsuits, and by going the second mile. Of these three, the second two are about state action. Famously, Roman soldiers had the right to compel peasants to carry their gear for one mile. Similarly, lawsuits are part of the machinery of government, and just as they do today, rich people in Jesus’ time commonly used them to oppress the poor. If the last two parts of Jesus’ answer concern the government in some way, that should at least leave us open to the possibility that turning the other cheek is about the government too.
Third, much of the rest of Jesus’ teaching presumes that people will defend themselves. Look, for instance, at Luke 11:21-22. This parable, of course, is not about self-defense, but it does reflect a cultural assumption that a strong man will fight to protect his home. Jesus does not describe him negatively for doing this, as opposed to the unrighteous steward and the unjust judge in other parables. Instead, He takes the strong man’s action for granted.
If the obvious reading is untenable, we need to look for A STRONGER READING instead. A passage that will get us going in the right direction is Lamentations 3:25-30. In context, of course, Jeremiah is mourning the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians and the people being led off into captivity. In that situation, his inspired advice is to submit to the Babylonians and wait for God to have mercy. That’s what v. 27 is talking about when it says that it’s good for a man to bear the yoke. As part of that, Jeremiah says, the Jews need to give their cheeks to those who are smiting them—the same idea that Jesus is promoting in Matthew 5.
In fact, I believe that in Matthew 5, Jesus is quoting Lamentations 3. He’s telling the Jews of His day to submit to an unjust Roman government in the same way that Jeremiah told the Jews of his day to submit to the unjust Babylonians. “Turn the other cheek” is about submitting to the government.
This reading resolves all of the problems we identified earlier. First, under this reading, Jesus is correcting the Jewish misunderstanding of Exodus 21. He’s saying, “Don’t take the law into your own hands. Honor the government, even when it is oppressive.” Second, “Turn the other cheek,” now fits thematically with “Let them have your coat,” and “Go the second mile.” All three now concern the disciple’s responsibilities to the government. Finally, it does not call into question the accepted practice of defending one’s family and property from criminals.
Additionally, this ties into one of the major themes of Jesus’ ministry. Among other reasons, God sent Jesus when He did as a last-ditch attempt to turn the Jews aside from a disastrous rebellion against Rome. Jesus warns them repeatedly to seek a heavenly, not an earthly, kingdom. If “Turn the other cheek,” is a warning against rebellion too, that fits perfectly.
This leaves us with THREE APPLICATIONS. First, just as the Jews were not allowed to take revenge into their own hands and justify it by misapplying the Law, we aren’t allowed to take revenge into our own hands either. Christians are supposed to be merciful and forgiving rather than vengeful. If we have opportunity, we are to do good even to those who have done evil to us. Punishing wrongdoing is God’s job and the government’s job, not ours.
Second, like God’s people in the first century, we are to submit to the government. We are to honor the laws and pay our taxes, even when we believe those laws are unjust and the taxes are oppressive. Certainly, our brethren 2000 years ago faced unjust laws and oppressive taxes to a degree we can hardly imagine, but they never took up arms against Roman tyranny.
Sometimes, I hear people arguing that in our country, the Constitution is the true government, so we have the right to rebel against a government that has gone beyond the bounds of the Constitution. Frankly, I think that’s sophistry. As Peter says in 1 Peter 2, we are not merely to honor the law. We are to honor the emperor. The godly obey the man in charge, even if he’s as crazy and evil as Nero. Of course, this is not true when the law directly contradicts the commandment of God. Then, our responsibility is to obey God rather than men.
Finally, we have to make up our own minds about gun ownership and self-defense. If Matthew 5 does not offer a clear command on the subject, we must be guided by our own conscience. There’s no reason to criticize the Christian who resolves that they can never take life, no matter what, nor is there reason to criticize the Christian who is willing to kill to protect the life of another. This is a decision that we must make thoughtfully and prayerfully, but if we do, whatever we choose will be to the glory of God.